Glossary of Specialties

Anesthesiology – medical specialty that deals with loss of sensation with or without loss of consciousness

Cardiology – the study of the heart and its action and diseases

Dermatology – a branch of science dealing with the skin, its structure, functions, and diseases

Diagnostic Radiology – diagnoses of diseases through the use of x-rays

Endocrinology – the study of any gland, such as the thyroid, adrenal or pituitary gland that secretes hormones into the blood

Gastroenterology – a branch of medicine concerned with the structure, functions, diseases, and pathology of the stomach and intestines

Gynecology – a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and routine physical care of the reproductive system of women

Hematology – a medical science that deals with the blood and blood-forming organs

Nephrology – the branch of medical science that deals with the kidney

Neurology – diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, nervous system and spinal cord through non-surgical means

Obstetrics – a branch of medical science that deals with birth and with its antecedents and sequels

Oncology – the branch of medical science dealing with tumors, including the diagnosis and treatment of cancer

Ophthalmology – a branch of medical science dealing with the structure, functions, and diseases of the eye

Orthopedic(s) – a branch of medicine concerned with the correction or prevention of skeletal deformities

Pathology – the study of cells, tissues and organs for diagnostic purposes

Podiatry – the medical care and treatment of the human foot

Psychology – the science of mind and behavior

Pulmonology – the branch of medical science that deals with the lungs

Radiation Oncology – the process of emitting radiant energy in the form of waves or particles to attack cancer cells in the body

Rheumatology – diagnosis and treatment of arthritis, rheumatism and other related diseases and disorders of the joints, muscles and tendons

Urology – the branch of medicine dealing with treatment of the urinary or urogenital tract

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